Tihar, also known as Deepawali, is a five-day-long Hindu festival celebrated in Nepal. It is called the festival of lights because diyas(lamps) and decoration lights are lit inside and outside the houses to make it illuminate at night making a spectacular view. Also, numerous candles and festive lanterns will be lit up for the Laxmi, Goddess of wealth, fortune and prosperity. It usually takes place in Nepali Kartik month (October to November in Solar Calendar) and continues for five days.
Tihar is the second biggest Nepalese festival after Dashain. It is considered to be of great importance as it shows reverence to not just the humans and the gods, but also to the animals like crows, cows, and dogs that maintain an intimate relationship with humans. People make patterns on the floor of living rooms or courtyards using materials such as colored rice, dry flour, colored sand or flower petals outside their house, called Rangoli, which is meant to be a sacred welcoming area for the Gods and Goddesses of Hinduism mainly Goddess Laxmi.
And each Tihar holiday has its own saying. The first day of Tihar is to worship crows, "the messenger of death". People often sprinkle rice on the ground for crows' pecking. The second day of Tihar is to honor dogs, "the guardian of the god of death". The third day is to welcome the Goddess of Laxmi. The fourth day is to thank cows. The fifth day is to place Tihar quotes (Tihar Tika) to brothers and present Tihar gifts for sisters. Tihar represents the divine attachment between humans and other animals.
This itinerary is a guideline only and we will follow the itinerary as far as possible but due to weather conditions, health conditions, natural disasters and other unfavorable phenomenon your guide might decide to amend or cancel the itinerary for your own safety. Your guide will help you at any time with providing information regarding conditions and safety during the treks.
Today is the starting day of the festival. On this day, you can observe people offering food to the crows, "the messenger of death" so that they will inform the bad news in the coming year. Also, you can roam around the town and marketplaces and observe the street light being set up. Overnight in Hotel at Kathmandu.
The second day of Tihar Festival is called as Kukur Tihar. On this day, you can watch many Nepalese families honoring dogs for they believe that the dog can guarantee the souls of the dead to get to heaven. In Nepal, the dog plays an important role as "the gatekeeper of death", which is said to lead the deceased across the river of death in the underworld. On Kukur Tihar, Nepalese will present beautiful garlands to the dogs and paint their foreheads in red cinnabar to thank for their contributions. Later you can visit the streets and enjoy the festive atmosphere. Overnight in hotel at Kathmandu.
On the third day of Tihar Festival, Nepalese often worship cows and Laxmi, the goddess of wealth. This day is also the most important holiday in the festival. People would get up early and clean the room thoroughly. Hence, they start to thank cows. After a cozy bath, those cows will wear red Tika and beautiful wreaths, with holy strings from the priest tied to their tails. When the night falls, dazzling candles, oil lamps and bright lights are lit up at the doors, steps, even on the roof. All the Nepalis will make their home as luminous as possible to attract Laxmi's attention. If the day happens to be Saturday, shops and stores won't follow the traditional practices and keep open to welcome the goddess of wealth. At this moment, Nepalis kids won't be idle. They come to visit neighbors in small groups and sing Tihar songs like Bhailo and Deusi for blessings. In return, the house owner gives them money, fruit, and sweets.
Under different cultural background, people will honor different things on the fourth day of Tihar. As ox is an indispensable helper for the farmer, people will perform Goru Puja for an ox. Considered as the representative of Govardhan Mountain, cow dung is worshipped in Govardhan Puja. In addition, this day is also seen as the beginning of the new year for the Newar community in Kathmandu valley. All the Newars will reunite for this festival and perform Mha Puja to worship themselves. On this day, the elder father would draw two geometric figures. One is painted for blessing the whole family and the other is dedicated to the death of Yama and his messenger. Then all the members will have a special family feast and enjoy some lucky food, like boiled eggs, fried fishes, tasty desserts, etc. After the grand banquet, they'll take turns to worship the death of Yama Panchak and exchange Tihar gifts with each other to pray for good luck in the next year.
The last day of Tihar is known as Bhai Tika. On this day, brothers and sisters will gather together and accept Tihar Tikas on their foreheads. After placing the multi-colored Tika and splendid garlands to the brothers, the sisters would bless the brothers for their well being and success and offer some Shaguns (a kind of candy) as Tihar gift. And then the brothers would follow the same ritual to put Tika on their sisters and give them some presents in return for the blessing. This celebration has enhanced the close relationship between brothers and sisters. This marks the end of the festival.
|5-night hotel accommodation in Yatri Suites & Spa at Kathmandu with BB basis.|
|Staff costs including their salary, insurance and food.|
|All transport by private vehicle|
|All necessary paperwork.|
|Food and drinks/ Beverage bills|
|Extras cost for upgrading rooms and services at hotels|
|donation in temples, schools, monasteries etc .|
|Personal Hiking gear, personal kits|
|Emergency rescue evacuation insurance of any kind|
To enhance your experience in Nepal, we give you the possibility to add one or more extra activities to this travel package. The step of adding these is available in the "Book now" process.
Do not hesitate to check each extra activity. They can be booked also separately.Kanchenjunga Basecamp Trek Bungee Jump in The Last Resort Canyoning Cooking Workshop in Kathmandu Golf Tour Everest Heli Tour Mountain Flight Paragliding in Pokhara Rafting/Kayaking in Trishuli Rickshaw ride at Kathmandu Skydiving Zipline at Pokhara Ultralight flight at Pokhara Heli tour in Nepal
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