EVEREST TREKKING GEARS AND SAFETY!!
If you are thinking of trek in Nepal you need to have trekking gears and equipment for your personal safety. There’s a proverb saying –PREVENTION IS BETTER THAN CURE: Being prepared with trekking gears is the key to having a safe and enjoyable experience.
YOUR TREKKING PLAN
1. BE PREPARED WITH TREKKING GEAR.
1. Map - A map not only tells you where you are and how far you have to go, it can help you find campsites, water, and an emergency exit route in case of an accident or foul weather.
2. Compass - and the ability to use it. A compass can help you find your way through unfamiliar terrain—especially in bad weather where you can't see the landmarks. Of course, it will not do much good if you don’t know how to use it so take the time to learn some map and compass skills.
3. Water - and a way to purify it. Without enough water, your body's muscles don’t perform as well: You'll be susceptible to hypothermia and altitude sickness, not to mention the misery of raging thirst. Bring minimum of 2 quarts and it’s a good idea to carry purification system such as iodine tablets or a filter to re-supply should you run short.
4. Extra Food - Any number of things could keep you out longer than expected: a lengthy detour, getting lost, an injury, difficult terrain. A few ounces of extra food will help keep up energy and morale, and feed your internal furnace to ward off hypothermia.
5. Rain Gear and Clothing - Because the weather can change at any time, especially above tree line, Bring along extra layers. You should avoid cotton, and always carry a hat.
· Trekking Boots- if you wish to trek in Everest and the Himalayas you need to wear comfy trekking boots. Trekking boots are especially designed to protect your feet and ankles for long walks.
· Trekking socks-The average person takes 2,000 steps to travel one mile. Factor in the up and down of a hiking trail and the roots and rocks you’ll encounter along the way, and that number only gets higher. With every step, the right socks play a critical role in keeping your feet comfortable and blister-free throughout your journey. To choose the best hiking socks for your trip, it’s important to consider these four things:
1. Sock height: The right height sock protects against abrasion with your footwear
2. Cushioning: The amount of cushioning affects comfort and warmth
3. Fabric: Most hiking socks feature merino wool as the primary ingredient, but some are made mostly from polyester or nylon
4. Fit: Be sure your socks fit well to fend off blisters. Also remember, even if your feet smells, it is suggested not to change your trekking socks more often.
· Hiking Pants
They are especially designed for wind, snow and sun protection for hiking .you need to wear a comfy hiking pants in your journey.
During your trek, it can get hot and humid- long-sleeved or short sleeved ones.
· Fleece Jackets & down jackets.
Keep a pair of fleece and down jackets with you. These jackets will be your savior during winter time.
· Muffler and gloves
So that you don’t suffer from frost bite and burns.
It is up to you preference again, if you take cotton or synthetic underwear. But synthetic materials are more preferable due to its ability for quick drying. Make sure you feel comfortable while walking.
The hat is a good option to protect yourself from the sun. Make sure you have one handy in case it gets too hot.
6. First Aid Kit – and the knowledge to use it. In addition to the basics you should also include moleskin or blister care kit, and include an extra day’s worth of any medications you are taking or might need in an Emergency. Also, allergy and bee sting kits if you need them. At least one person in the group should have a larger kit that includes a SAM split to immobilize a broken bone. Remember to replace anything you use during a trip so you have it again for the next trip.
7. Flashlight - or headlamp, with spare bulb and batteries. For finding your way in the dark and Signaling for help. I like to bring a very small, spare flashlight instead of spare bulb and batteries. This Way you don’t have to try and change a bulb in the dark, and if you lose your main light you have a spare.
8. Pocketknife - A pocketknife is the most useful tool you can own. It can cut strips of cloth into bandages, remove splinters, and perform a whole host of repairs on malfunctioning gear — not to mention cut cheese and open cans.
9. Waterproof Matches - and Fire starter. The warmth of fire and a hot drink can help prevent an encounter with hypothermia. And fires are a great way to signal for help if you get lost.
10. Sun Protection – such as sunscreen, lip balm, and sunglasses. Especially above tree line when there is asking-scorching combination of sun and snow, you’ll need sunglasses to prevent snow blindness, and
Sunscreen to prevent sunburn.
11. Trekking sticks/walking poles: they help you to climb the terrain and heights. Poles help you to ascend and descend down the mountains and trails.
12. Others – Passport’s copies/passport. TIMS. Travel insurance and money for personal information and safety.
2. KNOW YOUR TREKKING TRAIL AND ALTITUDES. - Before you set out, it’s always advisable to consult a topographic map so you’ll be familiar with the type of terrain you’ll encounter. You can find these maps in local outdoor stores, bookstores and online.
3. INFORM YOUR TREK PLANS FOR EMERGENCY RESPONSE-. Once you’ve determined your route, leave your Hiking Plan with family or friends - then make sure you do not deviate from this Hiking Plan. Inform family members or friends where you intend going, the trails you are hiking, the route you intend following, when you will be departing from base camp, how long the anticipated hiking trail will take to complete when you will return and your emergency plans.
4. NEVER TREK ALONE- It is safer to hike in groups of two, three or more. When you start the hiking trail as a group, hike as a group and end as a group. Pace your hike to the slowest person.
5. CAMP AT DESIGNATED SITES AND DON’T CHANGE YOUR ROUTES- If you do not return on schedule and the person you left your Hiking Plan with contacts authorities, search and rescue efforts will start where it is presumed you are. If you have taken another route, this can substantially delay help reaching you. Think through your situation and use your best judgment. Never change your route unless it is an emergency
6. KNOW WHEN TO RETURN BACK.- Weather conditions are known to change quickly, especially at higher elevations, even if the weather is good at lower altitudes, the higher you go, the colder, windier and wetter the weather is likely to be. Late spring storms can mean snow on the mountain
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